The popular opinion that malocclusion promotes nocturnal bruxism, tooth wear and oral muscle pain appears to be incorrect. Airway disturbances during sleep rather than occlusal interferences appear to be the link. This presentation provides a review of the current scientific literature on occlusion and sleep disturbances. Upper airway resistance has been associated with TMD, chronic fatigue and bruxism. Obstructive sleep apnea related bruxers will be classically be more damaging to their teeth and have greater health risks. The Bruxism TRIAD- sleep bruxism, GERD, and apnea - will be explored.
- To differentiate between occlusal philosophy and airway reality - The three categories of sleep disturbance and their unique signs and symptoms - To recognize the Bruxism Triad patient during a dental examination - Treatment alternatives to resolve bruxism and establish airway